Some 840 million people around the world remain without access to electricity while close to 3 billion people still rely primarily on inefficient and polluting cooking systems, according to a United Nations report.
As the world population and the degree of urbanisation increase, new solutions and policies for modern energy provision are needed. The transition to modern district energy systems could contribute up to 60% of required energy sector emissions reductions by 2050 and reduce primary energy consumption by up to 50%, according to a report launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
In addition, marine environments offer concrete opportunities for achieving an affordable and sustainable energy supply to local communities. Due to their vulnerable position in the context of climate change, islands can become leading actors in the energy transition.